Computer Education: Problems of Teaching in Secondary Schools
COMPUTER EDUCATION: PROBLEMS OF TEACHING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Computer Education poses a great Problems of Teaching in Secondary Schools. Here are various Solutions to Computer Learning.
Alex (1998) stated that although teachers are often not the official policy makers on curriculum content but they deicide on how a lesson can be presented Since they are the executors of the curriculum content. Failure or progress of students depends on them, in fact there is supposed to be a visible character in which the learner is to build upon.
According maswem (1993) teachers’ attitude acts as a transitional nature of culture. Since no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers because high or low standards of education do not start and end with the learner but the teachers. According to Okwor (2009) many factor influence communication in the classroom such as physical, emotional and intellectual factors especially in Computer Education.
The issue of poor performance of students is another way of saying that there could be communication problem between the information given by the teacher and the learner which may be due to the teacher’s attitudes while teaching. According to Ezeliora (1998) there are many factors which are communication barriers in the classroom like smoking while teaching because it transmits negative information to the learners.
He continued to say that instead listening to topic of the lesson, they will be watching the teacher smoking and what will be the out come.In the process of acquiring technical education exposure to underlying principle of the specific art as well as extractors issue such as socio-moral responsibilities, which helps to build up the leaner to become a manager rather then an artisan. Considering the objective of computer education as stipulated by national policy on education (2004) requires humanistic character of teacher in order to achieve the specific objective which is all about being computer literacy.
Therefore for effective teaching and learning to occur teachers are supposed to be emotionally stable. Since the performance of students depend on the quality of teachers. Can the qualification of teachers be solution to above mentioned factors that inhibits learning? The answer to this question depends on the influence of qualities of teachers, for that reason let us see the how qualified teacher can contribute to effective learning.
THE EFFECT OF FUNCTIONAL COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND LABORATORY FACILITIES IN TEACHING
National policy of education (2004) classified computer science as one of the pre-vocational profession. It was stipulated that all the pre-vocational subjects are elective and should be taught alongside with the basic subjects such as English language, mathematic etc. according Aboderin (1998) if we are really sincere about imparting vocational skill to the students, the entire pre-vocational subjects should not have been made elective.
Therefore if the aim of pre-vocational subjects is to be achieved, there is need for functional computer system since the world today is a global village considering the philosophy behind the UBE exercise in September 1999 which needs to the supply of supplementary readers and teaching medium in June 2003. over 12 million us dollars were donated by the united state to the government of Nigeria through the universal basic Education (UBE) to sponsor the project called strengthening, basic education the aim of the exercise to is to promote the supply of teaching medium in education system like computer system, some Laboratory facilities. Such as experimental hit, video discs, Audio tapes, printing machine and many other computers as we know that it is a machine which accepts data, process data and give out information.
According to Onyejemezi (1997) for an enhanced teaching and learning of computer science, the method of teaching should not be by theoretical aspect alone rather it will be by practical demonstration, this is to mean that computer system is very much important since its subject learners in real presentation of theory. In September 2003 a training workshop was organized by world educational bodies for training of forty teachers.
During the training the participants were advised to make use of functional systems even if it is one in teaching. This marks the importance of computer systems in teaching and learning. Since computer science are underlined to be a pre-vocational subject, to achieve the underlined objective of the junior secondary school it is planned to be vocational and academic by national policy on education, the use laboratory facilities with functional computer systems becomes necessary.
Mbiko (1997) in his journal, computer influenced many fields of human endeavor including education. He continued to stress that if students are to be prepared for job after school they must be acquainted with computer application in information processing because computer has shifted learning from the traditional textbook to system where student uses it for real life problems. According to Eya (2000) computer plays an important role in educational system.
He said it is a science subjects that made the study of the world easy since it transforms teaching form theory to practical considering even some major objectives of the universal basic Education in junior secondary schools. The acquisition of appropriate skills or level of literacy, numeric, manipulative, communication and problem solving skills will also helps in reducing unemployment in the society which requires the need of computer system. Having seen the need of functional computer systems and laboratory facilities, it is important to note the role of teachers in making the laudable objectives to be achieved.
THE ROLES OF TEACHERS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
According to Ejili (2002) every filed of human endeavor involves one form of procedure or the other as for as teaching and learning are concerned. It is the duties of teacher to ensure that the objectives are achieved. Adeoti (1998) recommended teachers as executors of laudable objectives. It is the duty of a teacher to develop student’s cognitive, psychomotor and effective domain. According to Anyawu (1999) the success of any educational organization must be measured finally in terms of the influence teacher upon the mind of the learner, teacher one the instructor in the classroom considering the influence teacher upon the mind of the learner, teacher one the instructor in the classroom.
Considering the opinion that though teacher are not often the official policy on curriculum but they the curriculum implementation, they decide the way by which the content of curriculum can be delivered in order to achieve the objective by Alex (1998). According to the National policy on education (1998) that education is on instrument per-excellence for effecting national development, it is than the duty of teacher to see that the objective are achieve considering the nature of computer in out educational system, that the world is a global village today is not supervising but the knowledge which is required for one the meet up its demand is also the duties of teacher to transmit such knowledge.
According Adest (1998) evaluation as an educational concepts include the examination of the curriculum, instructional process and objectives of computer science it is then therefore the work of a teacher that is why Okwor (2008) state that good or bad of a students in the hands of teachers. It is also the effectiveness of a teacher that determines the factors for poor or better performance of the society at large. According to him, the teacher is the motivator in the classroom. Akusoba (1985) stated that children should be given the bread of living experience rather than the store of abstract theory which are also the duties of teachers.
Despite the contributions of teachers to the national development, the use of instructional aid/ materials is also important in the field of teaching and learning, mostly in the pre-vocational subjects. For that it is necessary to address the issues of the influence of teaching aid/ material.
THE IMPORTANCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS TO THE TEACHING OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
National policy on Education (2004) in considering the objectives of computer science as a pre-vocational subjects recommended practical use of teaching. Considering the policy there has been an increasing demand for scientists, technologists and technicians in the industrial sector. To arrest this situation, computer is inevitable. Computer science is a basic science subject which is very necessary in the study of all the science subjects today as we speak. Computer as such needs a good Instructional material to help the student develop positive attitudes towards science.
According to Akusoba (1999) in his journal, the basic objective of teaching computer is to develop in the students the desired practical skill and habits such as observation, reflective thinking and problem solving. Hence we can not really divorce computer form our daily activities. To develop these skills the students need to get involved in practical work. Okoye (2007) state that science educators agreed that science especially computer cannot be taught effectively without the necessary equipment such as instructional aids. Unfortunately in some case the laboratories are not there for students to use and where they exist are not properly equipped to give the students proper and adequate practical experience. In some cases the laboratories may be equipped but no trained and capable teacher to organize and teach the students.
In this case instructional materials represent the real objects of abstract thereby motivate them. As seen by Offurum (1977) in Eya (2008) during the early stages of secondary education in this country, the educational authorities experienced a lot of difficulties in teaching due to inavailability of teaching material. This is because many of the materials are imported material/equipment that is to show how important it is in teaching and learning environment. It is therefore of utmost importance to provide the students with adequate experienced material to enhance science learning. Offurum (2008) continued to say improvisation in itself brings scientific teaching nearer to home. In 1988 educational reform act conducted, the philosophy exercise is not only to ensure that schools teach a balanced range of subjects but also to encourage the use of instructional material in teaching and learning.
According to Betiku (2002) the fair performance of student on computer science may be due to lack of teaching materials and learning environment. Having seen the importance, therefore it is necessary to address the effect of quality textbook in teaching and learning of computer education.
COMPUTER EDUCATION: PROBLEMS OF TEACHING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS