Computer Learning: Problems, Solutions Learning Computer Science in Schools
Computer Learning in Secondary Schools could be challenging. Here are the Problems and possibly solutions to Computer Science.
Computer as we know it today is are invention that came into being through the series of involvement of some scientists. It has affected the way people do their works even in educational system.
According to Abimbola (1995) the use of computer in educational system (Computer Learning) today is a growing phenomenon. He continued to stress that since the world is becoming a global village, an average Nigerian teacher is supposed to be familiar with at least the basic concepts of computer. EYA (2000) opined that computer is been applied in many fields because of its ability to store and retrieve vast information with speed and accuracy.
National policy on Education (2004) stipulated that computer science is a pre-vocational subject.
The major objective of its curriculum (if well developed) is to develop the potentials of the students towards using computer to solve the societal needs. If these objectives are to be achieved then it is necessary for us to address such issue as the importance of instructional materials in teaching and learning of computer science.
Computer science as a pre-vocational subject is supposed to be by practical exploratory and use of appropriate teaching methods and techniques. Considering the importance of computer in the society, then it is necessary to find out the solutions to the problem which inhibit effective teaching and learning of computer science in junior secondary schools in Enugu urban. It is also necessary for us to address such issue as the influence of teaching methods and use appropriate techniques in teaching and learning.
INFLUENCE OF TEACHING METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN LEARNING OF COMPUTER
Stimulation is an active teaching-learning process in which learning activities are built around a representative of reality otherwise known as a model and in a manner that enables the learner to develop conceptual ability and acquire necessary scientific skill by Onyimadu (1999).
Teaching methods and techniques stands as a stimulation instrument in the area of teaching and learning. According to Fistman (1998), stimulation places an individual in a realistic setting where he is confronted by a problematic situation through the use of appropriate method in communicating with learners.
Computer Learning methods requires active participation in initiating and carrying out sequence of inquiries. An appropriate teaching method has characters of stimulation of great educational value, which is why the learners exercise a large measure of control over the problem or situation. According to Gagne (1962) in Onyimadu (1999), learning is enhanced and errors minimized because distracting instructional goals are omitted but the used techniques help to overcome the stumbles. In Nigerian setting as observed by Okeke (2000) the potentials of teaching methods as instructional tools have been inadequately explored In virtually all academic disciplines. There is evidently ample justification for the use of teaching techniques in teaching science in Nigerian schools.
It is a well known fact that the average Nigerian secondary school child perceives science as “too hard” too boring”, and “too complex” okebukola, (1997). This negative feeling has often been blamed on teacher pedagogical style. According to Ogunniyi (1996) teaching of science concepts is carried out mostly in abstraction with little or only marginal reference to concrete referrals. Ogunniyi noted that students learn by rote, there is a tendency to reduce science to rhetoric’s of conclusions”.
According to Dale (1990) learning theories agree on the efficacy of the use of appropriate techniques/methods with concrete referrals and real objects in bringing about meaningful learning. He continued to state that when we provide experience through stimulation we represent the original reality in a high modified fashion in order to make it more readily accessible to students understanding.
It is noteworthy that even where real object are available, and there is a full functioning science laboratory, methods and techniques would still be relevant in certain science class situation in order to fully expose the learners to relevant learning experience mostly in all the pre-vocational subjects like computer. According to Okwor (2008) poor learning attitudes of teachers and the use uncondusive environment attributed to subject too boring, despite the fact that all the materials required will be there.
Teaching method act as a guide is the learners. On the basis of empirical study, Adana (1999) linked lack of proficiency in computer to the cause of interpersonal communication breakdown between the student clients. Considering what Ejili (2002) stated, good education does not happen by chance, it is the product of teaching methods and its influence on the environmental process therefore since conducive environment influence teaching and learning for that what are the effect environment in the are of teaching and learning of computer science.
COMPUTER LEARNING: EFFECT OF LEARNING ENVIRONMENT
According to Okoye (2007) very often we wonder why African scientists can not headway towards scientific advancement and self discovery. It is observed that advanced countries such as America etc. continued to advance scientifically while Nigeria make little or no substantial impact on the societal outlook. Many factors are contributed to this, but the greater part before the answer lies in our learning environments.
According to Ejili (2002) good education does not happen by chance. It is the product of efforts made by teacher and enabling environment in which interaction take place. Therefore conducive environment has great impact in teaching and learning mostly in pre-vocational subject like computer. Ofoefuna (2006) shares similar view when he stated that some of the pre-vocational requires the use space. In September 2003, a training workshop was organized by world education for fortymastor trainers.
During the training, the participants were encourage to make use of donated material to demonstrate, it was difficult to carry outs If there is no conducive learning environment. Okakuro (2000) affirmed that student’s attitude affect their performance of the environment where the interaction is poorly organized.
Education is the totality of life experience that people acquired and which enable them to cope with and derive satisfaction and his cognitive, psychomotor and affective domain Will be active mostly in classroom environment because it makes the domains to be active. Ezeudo (2002) postulated that “science is a body of knowledge which is acquired through observation, which can not be acquired when the domains are not reflected with what is happening, if not in a conducive environment.
It is much easier to replicate audiotape instruction, slides, film-mediated instruction than information on chalkboard, flipchart which requires well organized environment for effective learning. Therefore conducive environment may constitute positive learning habits. Many factors inhibits learning apart from unconducive environment, which the attitudes of teachers and students are part of them. Considering the objectives of pre-vocational subjects like computer science, it is supposed to be taught in an air conditioned and noiseless environment.
Since computer has today become the order of the day, it requires a specialist teacher who is emotionally and psychologically stable and tolerant. According to Oforah (2008) teachers are mirrors by which learners are viewed. The condition of learning environment matters if the worthwhile value of education is to be transmitted. But the transmission of education value depends largely on the attitudes of the teachers and students, the mode by which the teacher appears before the classroom environment determines the effectiveness of students Oforah stressed. For that let us see the influence of learning attitude of student and teachers attitude while teaching.
QUALIFICATION OF TEACHERS AS A FACTOR THAT CONTRIBUTE OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING
According to Anyanwu (1999) the success of educational organization must be measured finally in terms of influence of teachers as executors of laudable objectives which reflect to his competent. It is noteworthy to know that the ability of a teacher to transmit an information depends an his knowledge. Oforah (2008) says that qualified teachers are those ones with the full knowledge of principles and methods of teaching.
And they are those who brings about learners change in behaviour. Qualified teachers know the importance of set induction or an entry behavior and how it can be used. According to Aderibigbe (1997) the ability of the teacher to teach effectively is a determining factor and should be considered when examining the state of knowledge of the teacher.
Therefore the qualification of teachers in teaching environment can not be over emphasized. According to Enyi (2008) the validation of instrument for evaluation requires teachers who are highly skilled knowledgeable. Because evaluation is an instrument used in rating students which act as a motivator.
According to Ejili (2002) in his writer up “ A guide to effective learning behaviour” state that education is an instrument per-excellence for effecting national development and it is noted that education is a process by which worthwhile value of the society are transmitted. Since teaching is a complicated task which requires knowledgeable teacher. But some teacher are paid to take keen cognizance of the physiological, social and psychological needs of her students among which are food, health etc which are expected of specialists and qualified teachers to know .
According to Badmus (1995) the current trends of thinking in computer science involves not only the use of textbooks but also the use variety of supporting material which requires a teacher who is highly knowledgeable, especially on those that can help to present vivid vicarious experiences. In a classroom setting the probability that every or many of students understand what a topic is all about depends on the ability of the teacher who is expected to be highly knowledgeable. A specialist teacher who has a lot of strategies and methodologies are expected to make a change in his/her lesson based on what she can give.
According to Chukwuma (2001) various activities have serious cost complication that can adversely affect the objectives of institution if properly addressed issue is not given. He stressed that the problem in an education system, is the use of unqualified teachers. The worst hit program in our colleges of education are the sciences and the vocational related courses in which students are made to graduate without the necessary facilities to conduct experiments or practical’s in this subjects.
According to Bakari (2001) taking into cognizance that the problems affecting educational system today reflect on the kind of teachers because they say that education is the light of the world. Since education is the light by which the society sees. The product is supposed to be qualitative in nature, which requires teachers with high intelligence quotient since they are the executors of laudable objectives.
The knowledge of teachers in the subject matter gives rise to the quality of an outcome. But it is worthy to note that that impact requires a medium through which transmission takes place. According to Uitoye (2001) most of our schools laboratories are poorly equipped. He stressed that evidence abounds in literature that Nigeria secondary school students are performing poorly in the computer sciences.
This may be due to the inavailability of computer systems and laboratory facilities especially in computer science as pre-vocational subjects. And because of this issue it is necessary to address the effect of computer systems laboratory facilities in the filed of teaching and learning.
COMPUTER LEARNING: PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS OF LEARNING COMPUTER SCIENCE