TRAITS DEVELOPMENT FOR EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP

TRAITS DEVELOPMENT FOR EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP

Here are the Leadership Traits and Skills for Effective Leaders you will forever need. Know that Leaders are Made with these traits.Below are the Traits development for Effective Leadership

1. MODELING:
Modeling is a method by which a person who is to learn a particular character watches the person who has that character in his behaviour. The constant watching of person with this particular trait helps to gradually build up this character. This method is very important at the early ages of a child when he/she is still with parents or nannies. Parents, teachers, nannies and peer group leaders are powerful models for the child. What ever these people do or say, are recorded by the child only to become part of the child’s behaviour later.

That behaviour the child acquired from either the parents or the nannies at these early years of the child that is from birth to 5 or 6 years of age are good, then the child may become a good child. Again, modeling as a way of learning and teach has some important peculiarities. First, the process is often silent. This means that both the model and the learner may not realize what taking place until is at much later time. Secondly, some significant persons to the child because they have power over the child or because the child likes, trusts, or has high regard for them.

2. IMITATION:
This method of forming a character is through imitation. Here the individual sees the behaviour and then practices it. An individual who sees another person or people around him using abusive language is likely to imitate them. So, learning by doing is an important method through which character (good or bad) can be formed.

3. DIRECTIVE METHOD OF COUNSELING:
This method of counseling was founded by an American counselor called Williamson, E.G. He was a specialist in helping people understand their abilities and interests in order to choose. The type of work they will do later in life.

This method believes basically that every human being is born with the ability of being good and bad. This means that when individuals come to the world, the abilities to do good and bad are there in them.

It also believes that individual are special, that is to say, they are quite different from other individuals because they have been born with different characteristics. For this reason, the leader, teacher, parents must look at individuals as different from one another and it is necessary for individuals to know the type of characteristics they have so that they can develop or work on those characteristics in them.

4.    PLACE OF CONDUCIVE ENVIRONMENT:
Environment is very powerful factor or instrument in times of character formation.
Every normal human being have the ability to always do good only if certain conditions in an environment are present to assist him.

This means the normal human being my not need expert direction from anybody before he/she can do what is good. Actually what the individual needs most is a conducive environment in which every body trusts and respects each other or behave well. For instance, in a home where the language of parents is abusive, the child will learn that abusive characters too. A home where parents are always fighting, the child may form that character too. Also a home where parents are loving, kind, cooperative, the child will learn such good character.

So environment are very important source of character or traits formation.
In addition, individuals try to learn the behaviours of their friends. This explains the proverb “a bird of the same feather flock together”

If an individual is with good or bad friends he or she will eventually form their characters.

5.    DISCIPLINE AND ORDER: Discipline is a word that is in everybody’s
mouth that is teachers, parents, chiefs, religious leaders etc. we talk about discipline in all walks of life. We want people to show signs of being disciplined.
Discipline is the training which makes an individual to have self control. It is the means to control other people’s behaviour.

Order means obedience to rules and regulations. It helps in training children to be disciplined. If order fails to maintain discipline in children, then punishment has to be used. To avoid punishment, individuals keep the rules of the society. If they do this, they are considered as disciplined. For example, a child in the class who knows that talking without teacher’s permission is a rule and if not obeyed, he will be given three lashes of cane remains quiet until the teacher calls him/her to talk.

Also an adult who goes to the motor park may be required to join the line to enter the bus, otherwise people will disgrace him due to the absence of leadership traits and skills. He stands in the line without anybody telling him to do so to show that he is self disciplined. In other hard, you may be going to buy petrol and you find people in a line and you do not want to join the line because you eel you do not have the time. As you move towards the petrol seller you find a policeman who forces you to join the line, if you want the petrol.

METHODS OF INSTILLING DISCIPLINE

1. Punishment: Punishment means the ability of one person or the system to give some pain to a person who has broken the rule or regulation of a group.
In most schools and homes, the idea of punishment goes with either canning the child or sending him to do other work outside the classroom. Punishment in psychology means anything ranging from denial of favour or pain to a person who has disobeyed the rules and regulations. A simple hissing could at times be very painful to some people than giving them 6 or 10 lashes of cane.

2. INDUCTION: Induction simply means explaining the effects of disobeying the rules and allowing the person to accept the rules and values of the group. This method tries to let the individual understand that any act of indiscipline affects other behaviours negatively. Induction method of Indiscipline is then free from the use of power or punishment. It also helps the person breaking the rule to accept the consequence of having broken the rule. Induction method also assists the child to feel unhappy, when his action would bring hardship and unhappiness to others.

3. WITHDRAWAL OF PRIVILEGES:
Withdrawal of privileges is also a good method of discipline. In this method, the rights which individuals used to enjoy are taken away from them because they have shown an indisciplined behaviour. For example, if a prefect displays an indisciplined behaviour, that privilege or right of being a prefect is removed from him until he shows a sign of being disciplined.

4. OVER CORRECTION:
Over correction is another way of reducing indisciplined among people. For example if a child fights in class and breaks other people things, he is asked to replace those things to the owner and in addition give him the broken one and apologies. In this case, three things are done for one’s indiscipline behaviour. This is over correction.

Leadership Traits and Skills

Concept and Practice of Leadership is an important function of management which helps to maximize efficiency and to achieve organizational goals. Decisive action, strategy and planning correctly are crucial for successful leadership. Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, i.e a leader is the spearhead for the new direction. In other words, the success of such group largely depends on the leadership traits and the methods adopted. Therefore, a leader should be influential and inspiration, direct and guide every activity and focus on the attainment of the objectives.

TRAITS DEVELOPMENT FOR EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP