This study was allotted wit the only real objective of determining the relevance of development communication as a tool for national development. In effort this study, the scientist known the scientist drawback and used them to boost four analysis queries and for four analysis hypothesis. Literature about the subject below study was reviewed through each primary and secondary sources of literature. The scientist used survey analysis style that change her to hunt for consultants opinions on the subject additionally as collect information and interpreter same. additionally the scientist used three hundred respondents because the sample size accustomed represent the population of the study. She analyzed the information for the study and also the tested the hypothesis developed for the study there in. The findings of the study showed that: Development communication could be a tool for national development. That the govt. uses the programmes and policies to require development communication to the plenty in African country. That graft and corruption hinder development in African country. The scientist summarized the subject below study, histrion conclusion and created recommendations supported the findings from the study.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
To develop is to advance in terms of human and materials growth. Development is all encompassing as a result of development ends up in growth all told spheres of human endeavour. while not correct communication, development won’t be achieved as a result of development and communication square measure the bases for human advancement. it’s as a results of this that no human society can develop while not applicable channel of communication to link totally different development indices in this society.
Development communication will be seen as a tool for national development as a result of no nation will exist while not correct info exchange that is at the center of development. As Okenwa (2002) would state “Communication is central to the method of development to AN has just about been taken for one granted” this merely means while not communication, there’s nothing like development and vice-versa.
Any nation that desires to realize development at any level of its existences cannot or ought not neglect the requirement to use communication to realize such development objectives. this is often supported the premise that the mass media that square measure vehicles for carrying info are the only real agents of development. As Nwodu and Ukozor (2003:27) would state.
the first motive of embarking on development….. is to form adequate awareness regarding the event project meant to reinforce the well being of the individual of a given thereforeciety and by so doing sensitize their adoption of the comes.
This statement on top of may be extended to mean that development and communication go hand-in-hand. the requirement to use communication to realize development is incredibly vital as a result of, it’s through human interaction or info exchange that the plenty will kwon on top of biological process programmes and policies occurring during a given society, like ours.
the reality remains that communication will facilitate North American nation to ascertain meaningful relationship. Through communication we will build others to understand regarding those development programme and policies of the govt. in addition as that of teams and people so as to form them to be a part of such development ideas. the requirement to use communication in national development is varied in nature. as an example, communication will be employed in development so as to widen the horizon of society members to focus attention on vital problems within the society. Thereby setting agenda for the society in addition on produce a climate of development.
this will simply be achieved once members of the society square measure meant in to understood that development communication is that the most vital facet of the start of development in any given society. while not the mixture of the roles communication plays during a society and factors of production that square measure the core price of development, no nation can reach property national development. this is often why communication can’t be isolated within the discussion of national development in African nation.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE analysis downside
the matter try African nation nowadays is financial condition that is very caused by underdevelopment of each human and materials resources within the country. This successively is as a results of lack of awareness on the a part of the plenty to grasp however best to use info in making certain property national development.
Bearing in mind that the event of people in African nation mechanically guarantees the development of the state, several media shoppers have argued that government has not done enough to require development messages and comes programmes to those people that require them most. Whereas others claim that abundant association of knowledge at the centre of apex (ie) (the federal level) has been centre of the employment of communication as a tool for a development in African nation. This argument by totally different folks within the society is prompted by the actual fact that development and communication work hand in hand. One cannot do while not the opposite.
Again, illiteracy lack of correct involvement of the plenty in development activities and management of human and materials in African nation have entrenched plenty of set backs within the development of the state. additionally poor or lack of knowledge exchange between our leaders and also the dominated may be a downside within the development of African nation. These factors and a few alternative represent the premise for embarking on this sort of study.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
Based on the known analysis issues explicit below, the subsequent square measure the target of the study. They include:
– to see whether or not development communication may be a tool for making certain property national development in African nation.
– to see whether or not government uses its programme and policies to require development to the plenty in African nation.
– to see whether or not illiteracy may be a downside within the accomplishment of all varieties of national development in African nation
– to seek out out whether or not mass media in African nation have done enough to making sure property national development.
– to see whether or not foreign dominance of labor unformation and communication order (WICO) has hinder Nigerian development .
– to seek out out whether or not media practitioners partners with government all told aspects of national development.
– to see whether or not felony and corruption have hindered development in African nation.
– to form recommendations for policies formulation and additional studies on the subject underneath study.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study are of nice profit to a decent range of individuals. The study can profit the federal, state and native government in African nation to grasp however best to use communication for the event of the state. it’ll additionally profit alternative policy manufacturers in African nation notably media practitioners to grasp the relevant of their profession within the use of development communication as a tool for national development.
This study also will be an excellent importance to each African nation, notably those living in geographic area WHO would like development communication in additional than the other set of individuals in African nation. This study also will profit each African nationn so as to form them to be participants in discussing or implementing the programmes and policies about national development in African nation.
In all, his study can profit future investigator within the field of mass communication and social management sciences to set up well in making certain the accomplishment of property national development exploitation development communication.
1.5 analysis queries
supported the objectives of this study, the subsequent analysis queries were display by the investigator they include:
– Is development communication a tool for national development in African nation?
– will the govt. use its programmes and policies to require development communication to the plenty in Nigeria?
– Have mass media in African nation partnered with the 3 tiers of state all told facet of national development?
– Have felony and corruption hindered development in Nigeria?
– Have felony and corruption hindered development in Nigeria?
1.6 analysis HYPOTHESIS
Based on the on top of mentioned analysis queries the investigator dedicated to developed the subsequent analysis hypothesis. They are
H1: Development communication may be a too for national
development in Nigeria
H0: Development communication isn’t a too for
national development in Nigeria
H2: Government uses its programmes and policies to require development communication to the folks.
H0: Government doesn’t use its programmes and policies to require development communication to the folks.
H3: Mass media in African nation partners with the 3 tiers of state all told aspects of national development
H0: Mass media in African nation don’t partners with the 3 tiers of state all told aspects of national development
H4: felony and corruption has hundred development
H0: felony and corruption has not hundred development in African nation.
1.7 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
No basic analysis are complete while not a theory or 2 to make a copy the study. In line with this statement, the investigator can anchor this study on “development Media Theory”
in step with Folarin (1998:3) this study seeks to elucidate the normative behaviour of the press in countries that square measure conventionally classified along as “development countries” or “third world countries” these phrase square measure wont to mirror the amount of development earned by these countries.
This theory emerged within the 1980’s to fill the gap that became more and more noticeable because the gap between the event and developing countries widened, it became apparent that none of the classical theories of the press was strictly applicable to developing countries despite the fact that the mass media the within the country were operational in step with the principles of the classical theories.
it’s additionally a results of these factors that Mcquacil (1987:121) summarized the fundamental principles of the event media theory as follows:
– Media ought to settle for and carryout development tasks within the line with nationwide established policy.
– Freedom of the media ought to be hospitable economic priorities and also the development wants of the society.
– Media ought to provide priority within the contents to the national culture and language
– Media ought to provide priority in new and data to link with alternative developing countries that square measure shut geographically, culturally and politically etc.
Basically on the on top of evidences from these media consultants, it becomes terribly necessary to not that this theory has relevancy to the current study as a result of it’ll encourage the state to use development communication as at tool for national development.
1.8 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study covers all the programme and policies of the federal, state and native governments meant to encourage development in addition as guarantee property national development. additionally the study can cowl all the residents of Enugu metropolis and development initiatives administered in Enugu State. once more the mass media and their practitioners, spot holders and every one the mandatory tools used by people teams, government and non-government and non-government organization would be used because the scope of the study